How does the GDEPL Technology work?
GDEPL has two Technologies.
01. Gasification Technology: Which works on Multi-Jet Updraft Gasification process.
02. Pyrolysis Technology: Which works on Pyrolysis thereby producing DIP (Drop in Fuel).
What is difference between Gasification & Incineration?
Incineration needs continuous power to operate and consumes huge amount of it. However, gasification works on self-calorific & needs very minimal electricity power. Incineration just burns the waste and creates pollution but Gasification disposes the waste using high temperature without pollution. Gasification consumes 1/3rd to 1/5th oxygen from atmosphere compared to incineration. GDEPL Gasification process can generate commercially viable by-products like Energy Heat, Energy - Melting, Biochar, Fly Ash, Fly Ash Bricks, Fuel Pellets etc. Whereas, Incineration does not create such by-products.
Does GDEPL Gasification generate pollution?
As per the online monitoring by the Office of Principle Scientific Advisor to the Government of India, the NOx, SOx, CO2, CO values are very much in acceptable limits and is getting monitored in our Unit via Continuous Online Monitoring System. Use of Dampener, Filter eliminates flying of ash particulate matter in air beyond visible limits. Thus, this unit satisfies and fulfils all the Regulatory requirements under the Pollution Control Authority of India.
Can GDEPL Gasification Unit work in heavy rains?
Yes definitely. GDEPL Gasification Unit works continuously irrespective of usual climate.
Does GDEPL Gasification Unit need heavy maintenance?
Since GDEPL Gasification Unit does not moving parts except for the external accessories like Conveyer Belt, Conveyer Motor, Blower Motor, it needs very less maintenance like filling
the cracks formed in high temperature cement cladding once in couple of months depending on use.
How much is the electricity consumption of this Gasification unit?
This Gasification unit needs very less electricity. About 12 KW Unit / Tonne / Day.
Responsibilities Of Urban Body /Local Authorities (India)
- As per SWM Rules, 2016:
- Clause 15: Duties and responsibilities of local authorities:
- (y) make an application in Form-I for grant of authorization for setting up waste processing, treatment or disposal facility, if the volume of waste is exceeding five metric tonnes per day including sanitary landfills from the State Pollution Control Board or the Pollution Control Committee, as the case may be;
- (z) submit application for renewal of authorization at least sixty days before the expiry of the validity of authorization
- Clause 21: Criteria for waste to energy process:
- (3) The local body or an operator of facility or an agency designated by them proposing to set up waste to energy plant of more than five tonnes per day processing capacity shall submit an application in Form-I to the State Pollution Control Board or Pollution Control Committee, as the case may be, for authorization.
- (4) The State Pollution Control Board or Pollution Control Committee, on receiving such application for setting up waste to energy facility, shall examine the same and grant permission within sixty days.
Statutory Clearances or Applicable Acts (India)
- An Indicative List of Statutory Clearances or Applicable Acts and Buffer zone:
- 200 Square Meter for facilities dealing with 10–50 TPD of MSW,
- No buffer zone for facilities dealing up to 5 TPD of MSW,
- No buffer zone for decentralized plants handling less than 1 TPD of MSW
- Environmental Impact Assessment: Only above 15 MW thermal power or 10 Km from Eco sensitive zone (EIA notification 2006)
- Clearance from the State Pollution Control Board (SPCB)- “consent to establish “and “consent to operate “
- Clearance from Airport Authority (auto settled if the mast is beyond 7 km from the airport ARP and proposed top elevation is up to 40 m above the Aerodrome elevation; or
- Fertilizer Control Order (FCO) Clearance for compost-based plants (If manufacturing compost)
- Land use from the Revenue Authority (NA/Industrial zone/Agricultural/Commercial/Waste management site in township)
- State Electricity Authority Clearance for providing grid connectivity (if connected and selling power to grid)
- The Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991 and Rules, 1991
- The Industries (Development and Regulation) Act, 1951 (Not Applicable)
- The Factories Act, 1948 (if employing 10 or more workers at particular site)
- The Motor Vehicles Act, 1938, amended in 1988 and Rules, 1989 (if transporting waste)
- The Petroleum Act, 1934 (if storing petroleum products)
- The Energy Conservation Act, 2001
- No statutory Approvals Required by all Municipal Solid Waste Management Processing, Treatment, and Disposal Facilities
- Proof of Possession of Site
- Bank Loan Sanction Letter and Agreement
- Bank Appraisal Note
- Water Supply Agreement
- Power Purchase Agreement
- Municipal Solid Waste Supply Agreement with Municipal Authority