The need for Tri Fusion Gasifier (TFG)
Why the need for Multi Jet Updraft Tri Fusion Gasifier (TFG) for Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Processing?
The necessity for a Tri Fusion Gasifier in Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) processing arises from various challenges encountered in implementing conventional Waste Management Solutions. Local communities consistently resist the establishment of waste processing facilities, whether they are focused on Material Recycling, Composting, Biomethanation, or, in unfortunate cases, Legacy Landfills.
Despite obtaining approval for large-capacity projects, their execution often faces insurmountable obstacles due to persistent local protests. Additionally, the disposal of Biomethanation Plant slurry poses a significant challenge. Even when communities agree to set up a waste disposal facility for their own waste, there is reluctance to accept waste brought in from external sources.
In many instances, smaller Grampanchayats, constrained by limited capital expenditure, opt for lower-capacity plants. This leads to overfeeding and subsequent pollution, even with the incorporation of safety measures and the installation of an Online Pollution Monitoring System.
Various technologies, such as Shredding, Thermal and Vacuum Treatment, and single-day Composters, generate Fuel Pellets. The Tri Fusion Reactor stands apart by not only dehydrating waste but transforming it into carbon, which is resistant to rehydration in damp atmospheres while maintaining its calorific value. This unique process makes Tri Fusion a preferred choice in waste management.
How does the Tri Fusion Gasifier (TFG) address and resolve this problem?
The Tri Fusion Gasifier effectively addresses various challenges in waste management through several key features:
Non-Burning Process: Firstly, it eliminates the burning of waste, dispelling public concerns about health issues and exposure to toxic gases.
Value Generation: The reactor produces Green Coal and Synthetic Gas, transforming waste into valuable resources, thus redefining the concept of waste.
Standardized Input: With a specified waste volume based on bulk density, the process is easily standardized, minimizing the risk of overloading and facilitating the maintenance of Online Air Pollution parameters within limits.
Technology Adaptability: Given the lack of established standards for Gasification or Pyrolysis even in developed countries, Tri Fusion Reactor becomes a crucial solution, particularly in rapidly growing nations like India where quick, Decentralized Waste Disposal methods are imperative.
Decentralized Operation: The Tri Fusion Reactor utilizes Biomass Pellets and Coal as fuel, enabling Decentralization. This aspect not only aligns with local needs but also qualifies for grants under the Bio Urja Scheme.
Environmental Compliance: With a maximum Chimney height of 9 meters and no requirement for Pollution Control Apparatus except for Hot Air Exhaust, the reactor complies with environmental standards.
Regulatory Exemption: Despite continuous Online Monitoring, the technology falls outside the compulsory list of industries requiring monitoring, as it functions as a Dehydration and Pyrolysis unit fired by a Coal Gasifier.
User-Friendly: The Tri Fusion Reactor is designed for easy operation by semi-skilled labor, ensuring Accessibility and Usability.
Consistency: The TFR consistently delivers reliable results in Waste Processing.
Versatile Waste Handling: Capable of handling Wet, Dry, and Mixed Waste within a single plant, the TFR offers versatility in Waste Management.
Plastic Credit under EPR Scheme: Under the Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) Scheme, the TFR can apply for Plastic Credit based on the percentage of plastic processed, providing an additional income stream.
Carbon Credits: In the future Carbon Credit Phase, Organic Waste like Coconut, Rice Husk, and Rice Straw processed into Biochar could generate additional income and serve as a valuable additive for composting.
Zero Waste Generation: Importantly, the Tri Fusion Reactor ensures that no Waste is generated, with everything processed yielding Value-Added Products.
Detailed Process, Technology, and Methodology:
Multi-Jet Updraft Tri Fusion Gasifier: This process is a combination of Dehydration, Gasification and Pyrolysis technology.
The steps associated with pyrolytic gasification and drying unit are :
- The input waste received and transferred to enclosed bins.
- The recyclables are removed along with dry waste and rest mixed waste is transferred via conveyer system to pyrolytic drying tank.
- The drying tank is closed and gasification of dry waste (Green Coal or Non Hazordous Dry Waste) is started along with water circulation to condenser to cool the condensibles.
- The energy from gasification is used to dry the mixed waste.
- Initially we receive distilled water along with volatiles in condensate storage tank.
- The evolution of synthetic gas starts at 300 degree centigrade and continous upto 720 degree centigrade.
- The gas is stored in gas storage tank and recirculated back to gasifier for heating purpose.
- Depending on availability of dry material, the gasifier input can be fed with dry waste, green coal from previous cycle or run on syngas generated.
- The excess syngas can be used for generating electricity or can be supplied in uncompressed form to nearby commercial establishments for heating purposes or as fuel for vapour absorbtive chiller for centralised air conditioning.
- The distilled water is passed through carbon filter and used for irrigation / gardening purpose.
- There is no waste left for landfill as everything turns to value added product.
- Even the ash generated in gasifiction can be used in fly ash brick making.
Tri Fusion Reactor Gasifier: No effluent generated. Water based Catalyst used for mitigating CO emission. As mentioned in Mass Balance.
Pyrolysis: Water used for circulation, for condensation. Depending upon unit capacity 5% evaporation is expected in Cooling Tower. No water used for process.